Types Of Eczema And The Corresponding Recommended Treatment

In order to know the best way to combat eczema, you need to know the type you’re suffering from.

Here is a list of the types of eczema, and the corresponding signs and triggers

Atopic Dermatitis (AD)

If you have asthma or hay fever, you may experience having this condition. Some experience

AD when they have skin barrier defects, allowing germs to penetrate due to lack of moisture. AD often comes in younger years, but it can attack anyone at any age. Skins on face, hands, feet, inner elbows, back of the knees are often affected.

There are different chemical-based and irritant products that inflame AD.

Such products include solvents, soap, fragrances, industrial or household chemicals, detergents, fumes, tobacco smoke, paints, bleach, woolens, acidic foods, rough clothing, astringents, allergy triggers, dust mites, and other alcohol containing skin care products.

They can cause you burning, itching and redness. Scratching makes it worse, as well. Skin becomes thick and red, and it may create wounds that lead to infection. Talking about allergens, they are trigger factors for some eczema patients who have become allergic.

Allergens are commonly proteins from animal or vegetable foods. When allergic people with AD become exposed with an allergen, responsive cells would bring inflammation to their skin, producing chemicals that may lead to redness and itching.

If an irritant is too much strong, it may flare up more serious skin inflammation. Other conditions or substances that worsen AD are dry skin, emotional stress, heat and sweating.

According to the National Eczema Association (NEA), emotional problems such as anger, frustration, and embarrassment may also inflame AD. Habitual problem like the inability to control scratching behavior also worsens the condition.

Climate and temperature, moreover, are also factors in the development of AD. Environments with extreme or fluctuating temperatures may set off AD. Sweating, caused by extreme hotness, may result to burning sensation in your skin. Also, your skin becomes dry when it has low moisture.

Hand Eczema (HE)

It is also known as hand dermatitis. It is caused by irregular genetic make-up and physical contact with irritants and allergens.

Patients with HE are usually those who have jobs exposed in chemicals. These are catering, cleaning, hairdressing, mechanical works, and healthcare.

HE symptoms include redness, pain, itching, dryness, blisters, and crusting on the hands. Calluses and severe tearing may also appear on the skin. Also, there is a kind of HE called pompholyx, meaning ‘bubble’ in Greek, that occurs usually in women. Itchy small blisters may appear on the palms of your hands if you have this.

Studies show that the majority of people with HE have psychological difficulties because of the visibility of symptoms on their hands. These may cause shame and fear of rejection.

Contact Dermatitis (CD)

When you come into contact with chemical substances and your skin starts showing symptoms of eczema, you may be having Contact Dermatitis.

There are actually two kinds of CD: Irritant Contact Dermatitis (ICD) and Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD).

ICD results from one time or repeated contact with the irritating substance. Usually, irritants include acids and alkaline materials like detergents and soaps, solvents, fabric softeners, and other chemicals.

Other irritants may also be pesticides or weed killers, hair dyes, cement, prolonged exposure to wet diapers and rubber gloves, and shampoos.

You may develop ACD, meanwhile, if you get a direct contact with allergy-inducing substances. The National Eczema Association listed common allergens that inflame ACD.

These include adhesives, antibiotics like neomycin applied onto the skin, Balsam of Peru that is used in cosmetic products and beverages, fabrics and clothing, perfumes, cosmetics, soaps, moisturizers, nail polish, hair dyes, and wave solutions.

Some allergens are in nickel and other metals found in jewelry, metal zips, bra hooks, pocketknives and other personal belongings.

ACD is triggered also by poisonous plants such as poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac, and preservatives in different cosmetic products.

Some cases of ACD happen when the skin, applied with chemicals, reacts to the sunlight. This reaction is called photosensitivity.

Shaving lotions, sunscreens, ointments, some perfumes, coal tar products, and oil from skin lime are skin products which usually cause photosensitivity.

Mostly, patients of Contact Dermatitis are also those working with chemical substances in factories or laboratories. Frequent handwashing may also cause skin irritation.